Explore Nepal

Explore Nepal – Think different.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (175sq km) is set in the flood plain of the Koshi River in the Sunsari, Saptari and Udayapur Districts, the eastern Terai. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a guarded territory that is a shelter for birds. It was formulated up in 1976 and named as a Ramsar site in December 1987. There are in excess of 493 types of birds in the reverse and it is likewise a resting place for migrating birds that can’t be seen somewhere else in Nepal. Mammals that engender here incorporate the wild water bison (arna), wild bear, spotted deer and the blue bull. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve can be reached to by the East-West High way which runs nearby it.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is noted for being the littlest National Park in Terai and one of the best sites for bird watching in Nepal.  It is the main outstanding home for jeopardized arna. With a means to save phanta (plain land) and tappu (little islands) of Koshi River, this Reserve gives a safe house to in excess of 493 types of birds including uncommon species like Sarus crane, swamp francolin, and Bengal florican. 

Don’t hope to see enormous animals like rhinoceros and tigers yet you can get the uncommon perspectives on Gangetic dolphins, deer, herons, egrets, ibis, bog muggers, mongooses, porcupines, blue bulls, brilliant jackals, angling felines, civet felines, spotted deer, blue ringer, Gharial crocodile and some more. Look at Gangetic dolphin and arna are significant features in Koshi Tappu Reserve. Dolphins can be best seen from the extension at Koshi Barrage. Different exercises include boating in Saptakoshi River, elephant back safari, canoe ride, and wilderness walk can be done. 


The vegetation of the save is fundamentally portrayed by blended deciduous riverine timberland, meadows and muddy vegetation. The inclusion of fields is 68%, contrasted with just about 6% of timberland, which is prevailed by Indian rosewood. Patches of catechu timberland are progressively pervasive towards the northwestern part. The fields close to the running water bodies are kept up by the yearly flooding and munching by wildlife. The Sapta Koshi River, a tributary of the Ganges, causes quick and extreme flooding during the stormy season. In the broad wetlands, there you can find 514 plant species including kapok, sugarcane, reed, cattail, Imperata cylindrica, eelgrass, and types of Eichhornia, Hydrilla, Azolla and lotus.


A wide scope of animals occupies the ensured region. In its watercourses and lakes, 200 types of fish have been recorded, the majority of which are inhabitants. Two amphibian species, nine frog species, six reptile species, five snake species, and eleven turtle species are recorded. Gharial and mugger crocodiles happen too. 

The 31 types of mammals recorded incorporate the Asian elephant, spotted deer, hoard deer, wild pig, smooth-covered otter, and brilliant jackal. The Ganges waterway dolphin has been located in the Koshi River. Gaur and blue bull have declined in numbers. Nepal’s final populace of around 150 wild water bison occupies the area. This populace has now developed to an aggregate of 432 people with a yearly development pace of 7.27 percent, as indicated by the most recent registration completed in 2016. With this upsurge in the populace, specialists are arranging a potential exchange of some wild water bison to the flood fields of Chitwan National Park where they have been extirpated around the 1950s. If the proposed translocation occurs, this will display a characteristic Predator-Prey situation since wild water bison in Koshi Tappu has been deficient with regards to their normal predators as tiger, panther, and dhole for a significant long time.


Prominent among the 493 bird species are watercock, Indian nightjar, dim eagle owl, dark-headed cuckoo shrike, white-tailed stonechat, striated grassbird, enormous assistant stork, Pallas’ fish falcon, basic brilliant eye, and gull-billed tern. Swamp francolin and rufous-vented grass babbler happen as well.

In spring 2011, 17 Bengal floricans were recorded from nine unique locales along a 39 km north-south stretch of the Koshi River. Seven were male and 10 were females. Just five people were recorded outside the save, two sets north of Koshi Tappu, and one female was seen twice close to the Koshi Barrage area. Birds relocate from to the extent of Siberia and Tibet and remain in the Ramsar site from November to February during winter.

Best Time to Visit:

The best time to visit this awesome untamed life save is among October and April. In these months numerous transient and neighborhood winged animals can be located. They are to be seen at the flood and numerous waterway channels. Himalayan pinnacles, including Makalu I (8,463m), are an amazing sight. Koshi Tappu schedule keeps going regularly for 4 to 5 days yet you can alter the bundle to meet your prerequisites.

How to Get Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve: 

  • By Flight: 

Kathmandu to Biratnagar with ordinary flight and are all-encompassing perspectives on the Eastern Himalayas, including Mount Everest, Makalu, and Kanchanjunga. From Biratnagar to Koshi Tappu natural life save take 3/4 hours drive. 

  • By Road: 

It is 560 km drive (around 10 hrs.) from Kathmandu to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. It is a delight to drive and an incredible method for seeing the wide open of Nepal. The beautiful drive of 9-10 hours through the Nepali field by the street. 

  • By Rafting: 

For white water stream boating, the 7-8 days energizing excursion down the Sunkoshi River will end at the Chatara and move to Tappu Wildlife Reserve.

Activities to do in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:

Bird Watching

Birds viewing inside Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve offers an energizing chance of locating excess of 493 types of feathered creatures as you investigate the swamps by walking, out of reach sandbanks and islands of the forceful Koshi River.

Jeep Safari

The Koshi River flows through a piece of the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. Safari is perfect in the wilderness alongside the belts of this stream which is wealthy in birds and different creatures. The waterway tidal ponds and wetlands draw deers, gharials (crocodiles), water bison just as more than 400 types of fowls for the visitors to see.

Jungle Walk

The Koshi River courses through a piece of the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. You can walk or take a jeep to explore Koshi Tappu Wildlife. If you want to spend more time in nature and with animals you can hire the guide and explore all by yourself by walking. It depends on how much time you have. The wilderness along the belts of this stream is wealthy in winged animals and different creatures. The stream tidal ponds and wetlands draw deer and water wild oxen just as flying creatures.

Gentle Wildlife Rafting

Boating & rafting down the Koshi River is another method for investigating the reservation. View water birds or animals taking care of their everyday needs. Kingfishers jump into the stream searching for nourishment, bog muggers or Ghariyal crocodiles sunbathe. Indeed, even uncommon Wild Buffaloes and Gangetic River Dolphins can be spotted. 

Local Tharu Village Walk

Here Viewing life in the hold by walking is similarly intriguing. Tharus live here. They, the early occupants of the locale, have their one of a kind method for living here. It is unstained by the western world. Their wonderfully designed houses and social style are brilliant. This neighborhood Tharu town is sans plastic. It is one of only a handful barely any earth mindful and clean towns in the nation. 

Nepal is rich in nature. It is home to many endangered animals and birds. Koshi Tappu is one wildlife reserve sites, where you will encounter many endangered birds. Don’t miss to visit Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve while you are in Nepal. Have any queries? Feel free to comment down. 

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