Janakpur has been referenced in the Ramayana as the origin of Sita, Ram’s wife. As Ram is believed to be the manifestation of Lord Vishnu, Sita is accepted to be the manifestation of Goddess Lakshmi. It is said that Ram and Sita met in Janakpur and eventually got married here. Janakpur is one of the blessed holy places on the course of Parikrama (sacred circle) which is completed by devout Hindus as a form of worship alongside Ayodhya, Kashi, and Brij in India.
As indicated by the Hindu epic, the Ramayana, the original city of Janakpur was named after King Janak of the Mithila realm. Janak found the infant Sita in a wrinkle of a field and brought up her as his little girl. At the point when Sita, also called Janaki, was around sixteen, the ruler declared that she could be married whoever was able to string the divine bow of Shiva. In spite of the fact that numerous imperial suitors attempted, only Lord Rama, the ruler of Ayodhya, was successful. In addition to the fact that he strings the bow and snapped it in two. Thus, Lord Rama won the hand of Sita and married her.
When you are in Nepal, visit Janakpur once. Walk around the historic Mithila city to experience the Terai culture of southern Nepal and visit the amazing Ram Janaki Temple in the center of the city that attracts inferences to the well known Hindu epic Ramayana. The temple is the primary attraction of the city and draws huge crowds of guests. Dhanusha is known for religious sightseeing, lavish surroundings of trees and forests, the semi-rural charm of the Terai rural areas, and the vivid Mithila art and culture.
Janakpur is an open university for individuals and researchers interested in culture, anthropology, religion, and sociologies. The Hindu tourists and travelers come here to worship in the various temples and to take a blessed bath in one of the various sacred ponds. Especially, there is a huge gathering of devotees on festivals and Purnima (Full Moon Day). Special puja is done on such days, fairs are additionally held.
How To Get Janakpur?
Dhanusadham is in the Dhanusha district in the Janakpur Zone of Nepal. Janakpur is roughly 390 km and a 10-hour drive from Kathmandu. Transports to the district headquarters office Janakpur city leave from the Central Bus Station, Gongabu in Kathmandu. You can also take a direct flight of 40 minutes to Janakpur city from Kathmandu. Dhanushadham is around 18 km from Janakpur, an hour’s drive away. Public buses are accessible to Dhanushadham from the city zone.
Tourist Services Available In Janakpur Are:
Janakpur city has luxury hotels for the night stay and numerous restaurants that cater to guests. Dharamshalas, accommodation for pilgrims are also accessible. The tasty food here has a dash of Indian taste, which is appropriate for the enormous number of Indian guests. Varieties of desserts and veggie lovers’ claims to fame are the standard. Other traveler facilities are additionally accessible in this city.
When you arrive at the town, there are various choices accessible locally to arrive at your destination, or just to visit the city. The most essential and traditional means for transportation are human-controlled rickshaws, yet they have been supplanted, to a huge degree, by the more productive E-rickshaws (electronic rickshaws), tempo, auto-rickshaws. They are the most ideal approach to arrive at the core of the city, market territories, and ideal for narrow lanes. Taxi and cabs are not accessible so far. City transports also run on the external edges of the town on major streets, and the ring street at the cheap fair.
Must visit places of Janakpur are:
Janaki Mandir is the significant milestone and the center of attraction, the heart of Janakpur city. It is a 19th-century temple committed to the extraordinary daughter of the sacred place of the Mithila Kingdom and her associate Lord Ram. The temple was built by the Queen of Tikamgadh, presently in Madhya Pradesh, India, as a veneration towards the origin of Goddess Sita, and the temple is an incredible example of Sikh and Mughal architecture.
Bivahmandap (Vivah Mandap)
Nearby the Janaki Temple, toward the north, stands the Bivahmandap with the wonderful, scenic, lavish green nursery to symbolize the wedding spot of Lord Ram and Sita. This pagoda-styled temple displays the exact wedding scene of Ram and Sita with the presence of all significant Hindu divine beings to favor the perfect couple.
Lakes and Kutis
Also called as the city of lakes and ponds, there are 72 lakes of historic and religious value dispersed in the city. Among them, the prominent ones are Gangasagar, Dhanushsagar, Argaja, Maharajsagar also known as Dashrathsagar, Agnikund, Viharkund, Surya Kund, and so on. These holy lakes of extraordinary strict and memorable significance are situated only a couple of moments walk from the Janaki temple toward the east. The Dhanusha lake is believed to have been made by the pieces of arrow broken by the Rama in Janakpur.
Sankatmochan Mandir is at the northwest corner of the Barhabigha Ground. The temple is committed to God Hanumana, and is one of the most significant spots of worship in the district, and held with extraordinary love by the local individuals.
Already a cremation ground for Hindus, the spot experienced an emotional change and now has a delightful garden(park) and a temple devoted to the Hindu divine force of the underworld, death, and resurrection.
Slam Mandir is the oldest temple in the city, build by the forceful Gurkha warrior Amar Singh Thapa in the 17th century, committed to Lord Rama. It is situated south of the Janaki Temple and is only a couple of moments away.
Rajdevi Mandir lies only adjoining the Ram Mandir on the north side. The temple is dedicated to the female benefactor Goddess Durga or kali. The temple is uniquely a feature during the 10 days in the significant Hindu celebration of Dashain, with a large number of devotees worshipping day by day, and offering various penances to Goddess Durga. A fair is held here during Dashain and is well worth a visit at this time.
Also, Buy Mithila Chitra Kala
Mithila Chitra Kala (Painting) is the cultural identity of this locale, and this can be the best trinket of your visit to Janakpur. Other than that you can browse a scope of carefully assembled household items and specialties work like clay pottery, clay statues and decorative things, handcrafted garments and dolls from privately woven texture, artistic creations, wooden and fabric inscriptions, bamboo baskets and other domestic items and decorative things woven/made out of bamboo by local people. Every one of these things is created locally by a house or family-based little scale business and inexpensively accessible. For a large number of people, these skills are the sole means of their occupations and the products the sole source of income.
For art enthusiasts, finding a workable pace learning Mithila craftsmanship can be an interesting experience. For those interested in language, culture, and customs, getting to know Maithali language, local outfits, ways of life, social and traditional practices can be a wholesome experience.
Special Occasions and Festivals:
Thousands number of explorers visit Janakpur to give proper respect to Sita at the time of Vivah Panchami, the marriage day of Sita and Ram, the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha in November/December. And also on Ram Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama, the ninth day of the Hindu month of Chaitra, which starts with the new moon in March/April.
Extra periods for enormous festivals in Janakpur are Holi, the celebration of colors in March; Diwali, the celebration of lights toward the beginning of November; and Chhath, a four-day celebration celebrated by the local Mithila people in May and November. The temple is filled with shops selling garlands of colorful flowers, pictures of various Hindu deities, and ritual objects for prayers.
When is the Best Time to visit Janakpur?
May, July and August is the best time to visit Janakpur. March-May falls under the spring season in Nepal. The temperature is warm with highs extending between 27.1°C and 17.4°C. Rainfall occurs for around 5-9 days of the month, and it is the second busiest tourism season in Nepal.
June-August is the summer season, and August comes under peak seasons and hence accommodation and other prices are predominantly 26.4°C and 17.9°C, which is quite comfortable. Winter months of December-February are excessively cold in Janakpur with temperature highs running between 18.7°C and below 14.3°C. And less tourist comes during this time.
Jaleshwor: A border town of Nepal and India, is around 14 km southwest from Janakpur. It is famous for the Jaleshwar Mahadev temple and dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. There are regular local bus transport services from Janakpur.
Dhanusha Dham: A holy town of incredible religious and historic significance, situated around 16 km upper east of Janakpur. It is accepted that one portion of God Shiva’s bow, that Lord Ram broke in the challenge (swoyambar) to win Sita’s hand, fell here. So they built a temple at the very spot and there is a protected forest area nearby. The town is a famous destination among Hindus. There are regular local bus services available from Janakpur.