All About Bardia National Park:
Bardia National Park is situated in the mid-Far Western Terai of Nepal, east of the Karnali River. Initially, as a Royal Hunting Reserve, the zone was gazetted in 1967 as Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve with a territory of 368 sq. km. It was renamed as Bardia Wildlife Reserve in 1982 and extended out to incorporate the Babai River valley in 1984. National Park status was gazetted in 1988 covering an area of 968 sq. km. The primary targets of the national park are to preserve a biological system of the mid-Western Terai, especially the tiger promotion of its prey species. It is the biggest and most undisturbed wild region in Nepal’s Terai, bordering the eastern bank of the Karnali River in the Bardiya District.
The northern limits of the secured territory are outlined by the peak of the Siwalik Hills. The Nepalgunj-Surkhet parkway somewhat frames the southern limit, yet genuinely upsets the secured region. Common limits to human settlements are framed in the west by the Geruwa, a part of the Karnali River, and in the southeast by the Babai River. Together with the neighboring Banke National Park, the sound protected region of 1,437 km2 speaks to the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Bardia-Banke that stretches out more than 2,231 km2 of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.
Bardia National Park is a beautiful, unspoiled wilderness of sal forest, grassland and alluvial washes cut by the many fingers of the Karnali River. It is frequently portrayed as what Chitwan National Park resembled 30 years ago, to its business advancement. One can raft through the park for quite a long time and not experience someone else.
Best Seasons To Visit Bardia National Park:
The best occasions to visit are in October and early April when the climate is warm and dry. Structure October through early April the climate is dry. From April onwards the temperatures rise, cresting at around 45 C in May and pre-rainstorm tempests proceed until late September. The days are warm, and the evenings are cool and wonderful. During this time most streets and streams become obstructed.
HOW TO GET TO BARDIA NATIONAL PARK:
Bardia National Park is 516 km a long way from the capital Kathmandu and normal transports can be found from Kathmandu to arrive at the national park. The transport ride is long yet very agreeable. The drive to Nepalgunj takes around 12 hours by transport. There are daytime transports and evening transports to Nepalgunj. On the off chance that you have time and need to enjoy the long separation outing to Bardiya National park at that point, it is necessary to take transport from Kathmandu.
The quickest method to reach Bardia National Park is via plane. Normal flights fly to Nepalgunj and back to Kathmandu. There are regular flights from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj, which takes an hour. Nepalgunj, from where public transports serve the far Western Terai. To arrive at the park central at Thakurdwara, it is important to land at Motipur and walk 8 km north of Lihalpur on the Nepalgunj-Surkhet street and drive west along to reach Thakurdwara. This normally takes 3-4 hrs. by 4 WD vehicle. The Mahendra Rajmarg is the main highway that crosses the national park.
Travel via plane is the best choice for individuals who are on a short get-away and need to use their time more effectively. Rather than riding 12 hours on transport, the one hour trip via plane spares time to travel and shields you from transport slack caused from a 12-hour ride to Nepalgunj.
Details About the Park:
Regal Bardia National Park is the biggest and most undisturbed wild zone in the Terai, giving great territory to the accompanying imperiled species:
Endangered Animals: Rhinoceros, Wild elephant, Tiger, Swamp deer, Blackbuck, Gharial crocodile, Marsh mugger crocodile, Gangetic dolphin.
Endangered Birds: Bengal florican, Silver-eared mesia, Sarus crane, Lesser florican, etc.
In excess of 30 mammals, more than 250 types of birds and numerous snakes, reptiles, and fish have been recorded in the park’s woodlands, grasslands, and river habitats surroundings. The more generally observed are:
Mammals: Langur and Rhesus types of monkey, Common panther, Jungle feline, Large and little Indian civets, Palm civet, Hyena, Jackal, Sloth bear, Otter, Porcupine, Bandicoots, Sambar deer, Barking deer and Wild pigs and various other well-developed creatures.
Birds: Flycatchers, Babblers, Sunbirds, Drongols of 7 species, Eurasian thickness bronzed, Shelduck, Warblers, Bulbuls of 5 species, Woodpeckers of 10 species, Barbets of 4 species, Bee-eaters of 4 species, Kingfishers of 4 species, 4 species of Parakeets, 5 species of Doves, Pigeons of 3 types, Red-wattled Lapwing, Common peafowl, Red wilderness fowl, Merganser duck, Black-necked stork, White-necked stork, Painted stork, 4 species of Egrets, 5 species of Herons and Cormorants.
Inside the national park, there are a few open grassland regions (phanta) where the game viewing is magnificent. Blackbuck, found in a wild state just in Bardia, is frequently observed in Khairi Panditpur around 30 km south-east of the park. Many forest streets all through the park offer astounding game viewing.
The extraordinary one-horned rhinoceros was reintroduced to Bardia from Royal Chitwan National Park in 1986. Signs of the achievement of this translocation became evident when a rhino calf was born early in 1988. The rhinos are normally found on the western side of the park. In 1991, 25 extraordinary one-horned rhinos were likewise translocated to Babai valley from Royal Chitwan National Park.
The Karnali River, Nepal’s largest, the western border of the park, giving magnificent fishing to mahseer, a huge game fish. The endangered Gangetic dolphin is also as often as possible. Sukarmala, the highest point on the peak of the Churia range, can be reached by walking from Karnali, Chisapani or Khairbhatti. From here there are fantastic views north toward the Surkhet valley and south over the Terai. Another high point, Telpan also can be reached from Danawatal.
THINGS TO DO IN BARDIA NATIONAL PARK
Bardia National Park is the most undisturbed park in Nepal and also the biggest of the Terai Region. Wildlife escapade to the pristine, Bardia National Park can be an ideal option to observe and experience the wilderness. Some things to do while visiting Bardia National Park are:
Jungle Safari and Walk
The Jungle Safari is one of the most taken interest activities by visitors. Safari in the natural jungles of Bardiya is a remarkable experience that will stay with you for a lifetime. The national park is home to numerous types of mammals, reptiles, and birds, some of which like the Bluebell is not found in Chitwan. Bardia National Park is one of the most perfect conservation zones in the Tarai and is home to the imperiled Royal Bengal tiger and Nepal’s well known One-horned rhinoceros.
Visitors stroll in a group or with a guide to have a superior possibility of detecting the tigers, watching birds and different creatures and plants. There are different Bardia National Park safari packages for wildlife lovers and nature enthusiasts. There are jeep safaris that one can go further into the forested areas where the odds of detecting a tiger are true high. Other than jeep safaris, there are elephant safaris as well. It is a different experience to watch the wildlife meandering pretty much all while sitting on the top of a magnificent animal. Bardia National Park elephants are local and trained.
Breeding Centre (Elephant, Rhino, Crocodile)
Situated about 2km southwest of park central station, there is an elephant breeding center. Visit here either in the morning or evening when the elephants have come back from grazing in the park, normally 10 am to 4 pm. The mothers and calves are occasionally visited by free-going wild males – if this happens to stay far from the male. Also visit, a little reproducing center for swamp mugger and gharial crocodiles, just as turtles. The quantity of Rhinoceros has seen a disturbing reduction and ongoing check uncovered only 29 residual rhinoceros. so there is also the Rhino breeding center.
Searching for the Bengal Tiger
Bardia National Park alongside Banke National Park is a Tiger Conservation region that homes in excess of 60 tigers. The Bengal Tiger of Bardia is its primary attraction. Visitors in Bardia safari have the most probability of locating and experiencing wild Bengal Tiger than in other national parks of Nepal. Treks at Bardia go from half-day treks to medium-term journeys. One can contract a guide administration for these treks and wilderness strolls. The best is the entire day treks which lead to a higher possibility of spotting Bengal tiger.
Bardia National Park is a habitat of in excess of 400 types of birds and a perfect spot to watch shifted scope of birds and hear melodic sounds of chirps and tweeters in a peaceful environment. The park’s homes imperiled birds like Bengal Falcon and Sarus Crane. Subsequently, bird watching in Bardia national park is a sheer satisfaction and heaven for bird enthusiasts.
Explore the countryside & meet the Tharu people
Other than park there is also a beautiful countryside to explore and friendly local Tharu people to meet. Numerous Tharus are self-supporting and live from cultivating and fishing. Walking, cycling or a motorbike tour is an extraordinary method for investigating the open country. This is where time stopped. You can get local people together with cultivating, moving and cooking. Also, obviously, you are free to praise a Nepalese celebration with our family. View the Tharu culture and field activities. You can stroll through the rice handle absorbing the quietness of this spot. Find a good pace the various traditions and customs of the Tharu individuals and if visiting during a bubbly time, you are in for a treat! Additionally, Tharu crafted works make for incredible gifts!
Go rafting and fishing
If you are searching for some experience, at that point, you can go boating in the Karnali waterway. The stream moves through phenomenal crevasses, detached seashores, and gulches. The vistas are wonderful and the rapids would keep your adrenaline levels high. Fortunate chaps may see dolphins while boating. For fishing, the great sights are Babai waterway and Bheri stream. One can discover catfish and masheer in the water there.
Along these lines, on the off chance that you follow to your guide’s guidance and play it safe as we recommend then the National Park is totally safe for the investigation. But, wandering around maintaining a strategic distance from the visit guide’s guidance may turn dangerous in the realm of natural life.